Mining Sector Reforms in India: Accreditation for Prospecting and Mining Plan of Coal

13062020
Rajesh Deoliya
[rajeshdeoliya@gmail.com]

The Ministry of Coal, Government of India has taken steps to regularize prospecting work of coal and lignite and preparation of mining plan through accredited professionals. A need is felt from government side to explore potential coal and lignite bearing areas through Prospecting License cum Mining Lease (PLML). Since, coal mine blocks are to be auctioned soon, an amendment through gazette notification is brought mentioning detailed procedure of prospecting and mining plan work and engagement of technical persons.   

The government has through amendment dated 29th May,2020 has notified norms for standards in prospecting work, reporting and preparation of mining plans for coal and lignite blocks with approach of conservation of minerals, zero waste mining for meeting sustainable development goals(SDG)
The Amendment:
The "Mineral Concession (Amendment) Rules, 2020"  dated 29th May, 2020 by the Ministry of Coal sets specific guidelines for prospecting operations, preparation of geological report and Mining Plan of Coal and Lignite mineral block  in India through well laid system of accredited professionals  in the field of 
-             Prospecting work and
-             Preparation of Mining Plan
The accreditation is to be obtained from the QCI NABET (The Quality Council of India–National Accreditation Board for Education and Training) (http://nabet. qci.org.in/). The details standards and procedures are specified in Schedule VI of these rules. 
The Missing Factor:
In setting up of accreditation standards the government has not taken into consideration of the qualified technical manpower available in the private sector, it failed to acknowledge that in recent years the prospecting work carried out by private agencies has added more mineral resources and reserves of various minerals than the government agencies. Hope the government will consider this fact in future and allow private sector participation also.


The Future Prospects and Redesigning of Syllabus at University level:
These amendments about the accreditation of professionals can be seen as a positive step towards quality work in the field of prospecting and mining plan preparations. To leave professionals from private sector to qualify for project coordinator and Technical Area Expert is unfortunate.
These is need for young professionals in this field as the work portfolio is broad which will help students of geology and mining related fields better job opportunities not only in India and abroad. The time has come to modify the collage syllabus in accordance with the requirement of Industry because sooner or later non coal mineral prospecting work will also need services of accredited geology and mining professional. The type of work requirement given in the below tables gives enough input for universities to redesign their syllabus which is need of the hour. This is more required in the field of Mineral Exploration, Mineral Economics and Mineral Legislation.

The important points about Project Coordinator and Technical Area Expert are given here in brief, for detail the amendment rule can be referred.

The Types of QCI- NABET accredited Professionals:

Work Involvement
Accredited Expert
Type of Experts
Code
Experience
(Years)
A
For Prospecting work including preparation of Geological Reports
Project coordinators (Prospecting)
Project coordinators
PC
15

Technical Area Expert (TAE)
Geology
GEO
5
Geophysics
GP

Remote Sensing     & GIS
RS

Surveying  
SUR

Hydrogeology
HG

Team Members 
Qualified, lacking enough experience
TM
NIL
B
Preparation of Mining Plan
Project coordinators (Mining)
Project coordinators
PC
15

Technical  Area Expert
 (TAE)
Mining Engineering
ME



5

Mining Geologist
MGEO
Remote Sensing & GIS
Rs
Civil, Electrical and Mechanical
CEM
Marketing & Finance
M&F
Socio Economic
SE
Environment, Health  and  Safety
EHS
Geotechnical
GT
Team Members 
Qualified, lacking enough experience
TM
NIL

Project coordinator (Prospecting): Experience 15 years
a
Officers retired/served for minimum 15 years in Central/ State Government/ Research Institutes/universities/ Colleges as Geologist.

b
Proficient in MS office, CAD, ArcGIS, Modelling Software, Data Processing Tools, Geological Modelling Tools
Specific Experience:
a
Planning and managing the advanced Prospecting projects
b
Designing and implementing QAQC protocols ( Quality Assurance and Quality Control)
c
Geological modelling and Geostatistical analysis,
d
Resource Estimation and Resource classification in accordance with UNFC, NI 43-101, JORC and SAMREC reporting codes.
e
Prepared at least 3 Geological Report.
f
Monitoring of 3 Geological Report (auditing, performance evaluation etc.),
g
A total of three in combination of (e) and (f)
Expected functions :

The Project coordinator should be thoroughly aware of Prospecting methodology, requirements and be familiar with the guidelines of report preparation, MMDR Act, Prospecting rules and all relevant regulations and its Amendments. S/he must have a clear concept and thorough knowledge of prospecting and Prospecting requirements. S/he should share this information with other team members.

Technical Area Expert (Prospecting & GEO) Experience 5 years
Specific Experience
i
Hands-on experience in geological Prospecting, mapping, and data interpretation
ii
Knowledge of geological principles, basin modelling and mineral reserves
Iii
Preparation of ore body model using SW like Minex, Datamine, Geosoft, Minesoft,Surpac, AutoCAD etc.
Iv
Familiarity with Prospecting geology concepts and survey processes
v
Ability to interpret 2D/3D seismic data and create geologic maps and Models
vi
Ability to identify natural resources and determine their economic value
Vii
High level of analytical skills to interpret Prospecting data pertaining to mineral prospects.
viii
Experience in Coal/ Metal mining model preparation is preferred

Role and Responsibilities
a
Performs scouting of Prospecting activities in the region, preparation of Prospecting activity plans and budget
b
Execution of drilling operations at prospective locations, Collection,evaluation and reporting on field samples and prepare activity logs.
c
Created and presented accurate geology-based maps, cross sections, and geological models.
d
Directed, supervised and managed all work performed by field crews and  drillers.
e
Entered and maintained sample information and Prospecting data in relevant database.
f
Interpreted and complied with all applicable governmental regulations and laws.
g
Evaluation of geological & mineable resources of proposals received from national & international prospects
h
Research on the feasibility of developing these mineral prospects by  analysing, reviewing, and  forecasting data for operational and business  planning and preparation of the feasibility study report
i
Study of available GSI, MECL and other Prospecting reports, compilation and correlation for assessing the likely potentiality of the mineral prospect.

Technical Area Expert - Geophysics (GP): Experience 5 years
Specific Experience   
i
Planning and execution of Geophysical Surveys including special studies using suitable geophysical technique and equipment.
ii
Geophysical methods comprise of measurement of signals from natural or induced phenomena of physical properties of sub surface formation.
iii
Various physical properties that are made use of in different geophysical techniques are electrical conductivity, magnetic susceptibility,density,elasticity & radioactivity etc.
Role and Responsibilities:
I
Prospectively evaluation and Prepare concepts/ plays/ leads/ prospects  inventory
Ii
2D & 3D seismic interpretation incorporated with all wells data, Well seismic calibration
Iii
Evaluate post- drill well findings based on interpretation and integration of data
Iv
Observe the reaction of recording equipment to detect irregularities
v
Use computers for data management, quality control and communication between the office and field locations
vi
Carry out Vertical electrical sounding, Magnetic / EM profiling and Borehole logging
vi
Interpretation of the date, synthesis of results and preparation of reports
vii
Maintenance and updating of Geophysical records
viii
Proper transportation and maintenance of equipment’s
ix
Must be acquainted with state and national policies.

Technical Area Expert – Remote Sensing & GIS (RS): Experience 5 years

i
Sound knowledge of GIS and Remote Sensing software’s like ArcGIS, QGIS, Erdas etc.
ii
Experience on ArcGIS extensions like Spatial Analyst, Data Management tool, Overlay Analysis.
iii
Experience in GIS database management.
Role and Responsibilities
i
Remote Sensing, GIS, GPS,
ii
Digital photogrammetry,
iii
Excavation measurement to slope stability.

Technical Area Expert - Surveying (SUR): Experience 5 years
i
Post qualification experience in Topographical Survey, Borehole   survey and relevant experience.
Ii
Familiarity with prospecting geology concepts and survey processes
Iii
Verify the accuracy of survey data including measurements and calculations conducted at survey sites.
Iv
Calculate heights, depths, relative positions, and other characteristics of terrain.
v
Experience in Coal/Metal mining.
Role and Responsibilities
i
Search legal records, survey records, and land titles to obtain information about boundaries in areas to be surveyed.
ii.
Prepare and maintain sketches, maps, reports, and legal descriptions of surveys to describe, certify, and assume liability for work performed
iii
Prepare or supervise preparation of all data, charts, plots, maps, records, and documents related to surveys.
iv
Determine longitudes and latitudes of important features and boundaries    in survey areas using theodolites, transits, levels, and satellite-based global positioning systems (GPS).
v
Coordinate findings with the work of engineering and architectural personnel, clients, and others concerned with projects.
vi
Plan and conduct ground surveys designed to establish baselines, elevations
vii
Conducting Topographic survey, leveling etc,, and other geodetic measurements.
viii
Locate and mark sites selected for geophysical prospecting activities such as efforts to locate petroleum or other mineral products.












Technical Area Expert - Surveying (HG):Experience 5 years
Specific Experience:
i
Analysis of surface hydrogeological data pertaining to ground water, flow fluctuation, estimation of flows; setting up and interpretation of gauging station readings, designing of ground water table measurement and monitoring network, computation of ground water recharge, flow rate and direction
Ii
Plotting of ground water contours
Iii
Analysis and description of aquifer characteristics e.g. Permeability, transmissivity, storage coefficient etc., estimation of groundwater potential and recharge phenomenon, determination of impact of withdrawal of groundwater.
Iv
Geology and Geo morphological analysis/description/ Stratigraphy/Lithology.
v
Developing Geo-hydrological maps.
vi
Must be acquainted with state and national policies.
vii
Understanding of policies, guidelines and the legislation related to ground water
Role and Responsibilities
i
Collecting basic mine production data, such as annual output, drainage quantity, water inflow,
ii.
The water inflow (including static-storage and recharge rate) of mine was predicted and calculated by horizontal catchment channel method, big well method and replenishment quantity method, respectively.
iii
Hydrogeological condition changes of open-pit coal mine in grass area during production process





Areas of specialization for preparation of mining plan preparation:
Sl
Area of specialization
Code
 Work Regime
i
Mining Engineering
ME
Mining Aspect-Overall
ii
Mining Geology
MGEO
Geological aspect of mining
iii
Remote Sensing & GIS
RS
Interpretation of geographical, geological, environmental attributes
iv
Civil, Electrical & Mechanical
CEM
Civil, Electrical and Mechanical attributes in mining
v
Marketing & Finance
M & F
Mine economics
vi
Socio Economics
SE
Rehabilitation, Resettlement, Corporate Social Responsibilities, Social Economic Studies of mining area
vii
Environment, Health & Safety
EHS
Environmental studies and Compliance
viii
Geotechnical (optional)
GT
Geotechnical attributes during mining,

Project coordinator (Mining Plan):  Experience 15 years
Role and Responsibilities
i
Officers retired/served for minimum 15 years in Central/ State Government/ Research Institutes/ universities/ Colleges will be considered to fulfil the minimum experience
ii
Proficient in MS office, CAD, ArcGIS, Modelling Software, Data Processing Tools, Geological Modelling Tools.

Technical Area Expert – Mining Engineer (ME): Experience 5 years
Role and Responsibilities
i
Prepare surface and underground plans and blueprints of a mining plans, use of survey data and risk assessment of mine.
ii
Prepare surface and underground plans and blueprints of a mining plans, use of survey data and risk assessment of mine.
iii
Reconciliation of Prospecting data from economical mine plan, production plans reports
iv
Use of mine planning software - Use specialized software to plan, design and model for mining operations
v
Use of mine planning software - Use specialized software to plan, design and model for mining operations
vi
Generate weekly, monthly, quarterly or annual production plan.
Technical Area Expert – Mining Geologist (MGEO): Experience 5 years
Role and Responsibilities
a
Performs scouting of Prospecting activities in the region, preparation of Prospecting activity plans and budget
b
Execution of drilling operations at prospective locations, Collection, evaluation and reporting on field samples and prepare activity logs.
c
Create accurate geology-based maps, lithologs, cross sections and geological
d
Directed, supervised and managed all work performed by field crews and drillers
e
Entered and maintained sample information and Prospecting data in relevant
f
Interpreted and complied with all applicable governmental regulations and laws
g
Evaluation of geological & mineable resources from national & international prospects
h
Research on the feasibility of developing these mineral prospects by analysing, reviewing, and forecasting data for operational and business planning and preparation
i
Study of available GSI, MECL and other Prospecting reports, compilation and correlation for assessing the likely potentiality of the mineral prospect.

Technical Area Expert - Surveying (SUR): Experience 5 years
Role and Responsibilities
i
Search legal records, survey records, and land titles to obtain information about boundaries in areas to be surveyed.
ii
Prepare and maintain sketches, maps, reports, and legal descriptions of surveys to describe, certify, and assume liability for work performed
iii
Prepare or supervise preparation of all data, charts, plots, maps, records, and documents related to surveys.
iv
Determine longitudes and latitudes of important features and boundaries in survey areas using theodolites, transits, levels, and satellite-based global positioning systems
v
Coordinate findings with the work of engineering and architectural personnel, clients, and others concerned with projects.
vi
Plan and conduct ground surveys designed to establish baselines, elevations, and other geodetic measurements.
vii
Conducting Topographic survey, levelling etc,
viii
Locate and mark sites selected for geophysical prospecting activities such as efforts to locate petroleum or other mineral products.

Technical Area Expert – Civil, Electrical & Mechanical (CEM):Experience 5 years
Role and Responsibilities
i
Design and Layout of Civil Infrastructure Design (Township, Water Works Distribution, Domestic Effluent Plant)
ii
Coal Preparation and coal Handling Units (CHP) Design
iii
Heavy Earth Moving Machinery Equipments (HEMM) Workshop Design.
iv
Mine Shafts Units, Mine Ventilation by Simulation Modelling
v
Washery Design and Implementation of Modern Washability Methods
vi
In-Pit Crushing and Conveying System (IPCCC) and ROPECON Technology
vii
High Angle Belt Conveying System in both O/C & U/G Mines
viii
Energy Efficiency Study (Electrical & Diesel Equipments) of Mines and International Bench Marking of the Mining Activities
ix
Consultancy on “Energy Sensitive Organizational Structure"
x
All mine specific software development and IT enabled services
xi
GPS enabled monitoring mechanism

Technical Area Expert - Marketing & Finance (M&F):Experience  5 years
Role and Responsibilities
i
Detailed Project Costing & Financial Structuring.
ii
Risk Analysis Study
iii
Macro and Micro Analysis of Project Viability
iv
Equipment’s Depreciation and amortization
v
Profitability Index Study.

Technical Area Expert- Socio-Economics (SE) :Experience 5 years
Role and Responsibilities
i
Conducting baseline socio-economic surveys through interviews/ questionnaire/focused group discussions/participatory rural appraisal (PRA)/rapid rural appraisal (RRA)
ii
Methodologies on extrapolation of census data to project an up-to-date status including selected ground validation of the same
iii
Conduct social needs assessment studies
iv
Evaluation of socio-economic status of both tribal and non-tribal areas
v
Demonstrated capacity to interact and develop rapport at community level
vi
Conduct Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R & R) studies for people displaced due to developmental projects and development for R & R plan
vi
Assessment of social changes arising out of development projects

Technical Area Expert - Environment, Health & Safety (EHS)::Experience 5 years
Role and Responsibilities
i
Prepares and assist in compliance's, general risk assessments and other safety assessments to support Health, Safety and Environmental management
ii
Responsible for Industrial Hygiene, Occupational Health, Waste Management and business process enhancements
iii
Maintain EHS configurations and Maintain operational procedures around supported
iv
Write, implement, and manage HSE Programs, Policies and Procedures
v
Develop Safe Operating Procedure (SOP's) and Job Hazard Analysis

Technical Area Expert - Geotechnical (GT) :Experience 5 years
Role and Responsibilities
i
Slope design for open pits
ii
Headings, roadways and drifts for underground operations
iii
Panel and longwall design
iv
Tailing dam design
v
Special constructions
vi
Geological Structure using precision measuring and testing instruments

***

Comments

Rajesh Prasad said…
Dear Sir,
Nicely presented. Let us hope for the best.
Regards,
Prasad

Popular posts from this blog

CORONA EFFECT AND EARTH DAY

Mining Sector Reform in India: Mining Leases with Pre-embedded clearances

Limestone and Cement Plant Potential in Chhattisgarh, India

Video Conferencing Techniques in Expert Appraisal Committee Meetings for Environmental ClearanceUse of Video Conferencing Techniques in Expert Appraisal Committee Meetings for Environmental Clearance by MoEFCC

Commercial Coal Mine Auction in India : Success Prospects

Mines and Mineral (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act,2015 : 10A2(b) cases and Mineral block Auction

Mineral Price Index: A Pragmatic Step for Mineral Development in India

MMDR ACT,2015: Proposed amendments in Indian Mining Regulation

MoEFCC: Draft Environment Impact Assessment Notification,2020- Issues of Scoping

MoEFCC DRAFT EIA NOTIFICATION,2020: Public on Back Seat ?